Carrie A. Rand (Mrs. E.D. Rand)
Caroline A. Rand (Mrs. E.D. Rand) had a profound influence on the college and on the career of George D. Herron. It was Mrs. Rand who recommended Herron for the position to replace William Salter as principal pastor at the Congregational Church in Burlington. It was Mrs. Rand who funded the position of Chair of Applied Christianity at Iowa College for Herron, and it was she who funded the Rand Lectures, which brought to Grinnell national speakers, including Jane Addams. She was an unwavering advocate for Herron, and when he divorced his wife to marry her daughter Carrie, she paid the settlement to Mrs. Herron. She joined Carrie and Herron in exile at her estate in Italy until she died in 1906.
Carrie Rand was Instructor in Social and Physical Culture at Iowa College but will forever be known as the woman for whom George Herron left his wife and children. The scandal ruined Herron’s reputation, and the couple ultimately chose exile in Italy rather than living in the United States as pariahs. She died in Italy in 1914.
Herron’s disgrace often overshadows the abiding effect on the College of the Social Gospel, particularly as practiced by President Gates. The message of social and economic justice continued to grow and the generation of leaders who followed Gates and Herron built on their legacy.
Garrett P. Wyckoff
Garrett P. Wyckoff graduated from Iowa College in 1894. Schooled in the Social Gospel by George Herron, he served as an instructor in the Department of Applied Christianity while Herron was on leave. He assumed the position of Acting Professor when Herron resigned. Wyckoff’s courses were strongly influenced by the growing field of Sociology, and he offered the first course in Sociology west of the Mississippi.
Wyckoff’s career was wide-ranging. Immediately after World War I, he was placed in charge of fieldwork for the International Red Cross in the newly formed Czechoslovak state. In 1926, the President of the Czechoslovak Republic recognized his service by awarding him the Order of the White Lion.
In 1920, Wyckoff was appointed the first Dean of the School for Social Work at Tulane University, where he served with distinction.
A.B. De Haan
A.B. De Haan (Arthur Benjamin) attended Iowa College from 1902 to 1906. After receiving his degree, De Haan pursued a career in ministry, completing a degree at Oberlin Theological Seminary in the spring of 1909. That fall, he served as a missionary at the Oberlin-in-China Min Hsien School in Taigu, China. While stationed there, he studied the education system and the role of foreign missionary schools. In 1910, De Haan wrote a letter back to then President J.H.T. Main proposing a Grinnell-in-China program stressing the ideals and values of the Social Gospel. Subsequent letters to trustees, faculty, students, and the local Congregational Church raised the funds necessary to begin the program. In 1916, the Grinnell-in-China school opened its doors to its first class of students. The legacy of the Social Gospel also lived on in the work of Harry Hopkins, Chester Davis, Florence Kerr, Hallie Flanagan, and other Grinnellians who served in the Franklin D. Roosevelt administration. The value of service, central to the Social Gospel message of Gates and Herron, continues to underlie the college’s mission: to produce graduates “who are prepared in life and work to use their knowledge and their abilities to serve the common good.”